Present Simple Tense

Talks about things that you do every day or always.

Sub+v1+s/es
I play cricket.

Sub+do/does+not+v1
I do not play tennis.

Do/does+sub+(not)+v1?
Do you play cricket?
Does she not come everyday?

Present Continuous tense

When the action is happening

at the time of speaking.

Sub+is/am/are+v1+ing

She is playing.

 Sub+is/am/are+not+v1+ing

They are not singing.

Is/am/are+sub+(not)+v1+ing?

Am I looking good?

Is he not coming?

Present Perfect Tense

Indicates completed activities in the recent past.

 Sub+has/have+v3

I have seen this movie.

Sub+has/have+not+v3

She has not met me.

Has/have+Sub+(not)+v3?

Have you done your work?

Has he not seen you?

Present Perfect Continuous

An action that started in the past and is still continuing.

Sub+has/have+been+v1+ing

It has been raining since morning.

Sub+has/have+not+been+v1+ing

You have not been working for 2 weeks.

Has/have+sub+(not)+been+v1+ing?

Has he not been telling you to work?

Have they not been singing?

Past Simple Tense

An action that finished in past.

Sub+v2
He completed the task.

Sub+did+not+v1

He did not study.

Did+sub+(not)+v1?

Did he call you?

Did they meet?

Past Continuous tense

An action that was going on the past.

Sub+was/were+v1+ing

He was dancing.

Sub+was/were+not+v1+ing

They were not enjoying the party.

Was/were+sub+(not)+v1+ing?

Was she looking at you?

Were they not playing yesterday?

Past Perfect Tense

An action completed before a certain moment in the past.

Sub+had+v3

Ram had finished the letter.

Sub+had+not+v3

She had not seen the movie.

Had+sub+(not)+v3?

Had he called?

Had you not gone?

Past Perfect Continuous

An action that began before a certain point in the past and continued up to that time.

Sub+had been+v1+ing.

I had been working for 2 years.

Sub+had+not+been+v1+ing.

We had not been meeting for 2 months.

Had+sub+(not)+been+v1+ing?

Had you not been coming here for long?

Had he not been drinking?

Future Simple Tense

Action that will happen in the future.

Sub+will+v1

She will meet me tomorrow.

Sub+will+not+v1

He will not come.

Will+sub+(not)+v1?

Will she like it?

Will we not meet tomorrow?

Future Continuous Tense

Action which will be in progress at a time in the future.

Sub+will+be+v1+ing

I will be traveling tomorrow.

Sub+will+not+be+v1+ing

It will not be raining then.

Will+sub+(not)+be+v1+ing?

Will she be crying after this?

Will she not be attending the meeting?

Future Perfect Tense

Action that will be completed by a

certain future time.

Sub+will+have+v3

She will have reached by then.

Sub+will+have+not+v3

I will not have finished it tomorrow.

Will+sub+(not)+have+v3?

Will you have finished this next sunday?

Will she have seen this by tomorrow?

Future Perfect Continuous tense

Action which will be in progress

over a period of time that will end in the future.

Sub+will have+been+v1+ing

By next March we will have been living here for four years.

Sub+will+not+have been+v1+ing

He will not have been working there for 6 months.

Will+sub+(not)+been+v1+ing?

Will she have been dancing for 3 hours?

Will he not have been doing this since

ADVERB

A word that adds meaning to the verb or qualifies it is called Adverb.

For Example:
A very strong man walked slowly on the road.
The adverb “slowly” modifies the verb “walked”. The adverb  “very” modifies the adjective “beautiful”.

THE PREPOSTION
A PREPOSTION is a word placed before a noun or a pronoun to show in what elation the person nor thing denoted by it, stands in regard to something else. basically it tells you about relationship:

For Example:
There is a cow in the field.
He is fond of cricket
The dog jumped over the gate.
Here is the watch that you asked for.
What are you looking at?
The boy stood on the burning deck.

SIMPLE PREPOSITIONS
At, by, for, from, in, of, off, out, on through, till, to, up, with are examples of simple prepositions